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The Homework Revolution This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine.

A young girl sits at her desk, reviewing her homework assignments for the evening. English: read three chapters and write a journal response. Math: complete 30 problems, showing all work. Science: do a worksheet, front and back. French: study vocabulary for tomorrow's test. It's going to be a long night.

This describes a typical weeknight for students across the country. Now is the time to start a homework revolution.

Do students in the United States receive too much homework? According to guidelines endorsed by the National Education Association (NEA), a student should be assigned no more than 10 minutes per grade level per night. For example, a first grader should only have 10 minutes of homework, a second grader, 20 minutes, and so on. This means that a student in my grade – seventh – should have no more than 70 minutes of work each night. Yet this is often doubled, sometimes even tripled!

There are negatives to overloading students. Have you ever heard of a child getting sick because of homework? According to William Crain, Ph.D., a professor of psychology at City College of New York and the author of Reclaiming Childhood, “Kids are developing more school-related stomachaches, headaches, sleep problems, and depression than ever before.” The average student is glued to his or her desk for almost seven hours a day. Add two to four hours of homework each night, and they are working a 45- to 55-hour week!

In addition, a student who receives excessive homework “will miss out on active playtime, essential for learning social skills, proper brain development, and warding off childhood obesity,” according to Harris Cooper, Ph.D., a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University.

Everybody knows that teachers are the ones who assign homework, but they do not deserve all the blame. “Many teachers are under greater pressure than ever before,” says Kylene Beers, president of the National Council for Teachers of English and the author of When Kids Can't Read What Teachers Can Do. “Some of it comes from parents, some from the administration and the desire for high scores on standardized tests.” Teachers who are under pressure feel the need to assign more homework. But why aren't teachers aware of the NEA homework recommendations? Many have never heard of them, have never taken a course about good versus bad homework, how much to give, and the research behind it. And many colleges of education do not offer specific training in homework. Teachers are just winging it.

Although some teachers and parents believe that assigning a lot of homework is beneficial, a Duke University review of a number of studies found almost no correlation between homework and long-term achievements in elementary school and only a moderate correlation in middle school. “More is not better,” concluded Cooper, who conducted the review.

Is homework really necessary? Most teachers assign homework as a drill to improve memorization of material. While drills and repetitive exercises have their place in schools, homework may not be that place. If a student does a math worksheet with 50 problems but completes them incorrectly, he will likely fail the test. According to the U.S. Department of Education, most math teachers can tell after checking five algebraic equations whether a student understood the necessary concepts. Practicing dozens of homework problems incorrectly only cements the wrong method.

Some teachers believe that assigning more homework will help improve standardized test scores. However, in countries like the Czech Republic, Japan, and Denmark, which have higher-scoring students, teachers give little homework. The United States is among the most homework-intensive countries in the world for seventh and eighth grade, so more homework clearly does not mean a higher test score.

Some people argue that homework toughens kids up for high school, college, and the workforce. Too much homework is sapping students' strength, curiosity, and most importantly, their love of learning. Is that really what teachers and parents want?

If schools assign less homework, it would benefit teachers, parents, and students alike. Teachers who assign large amounts of homework are often unable to do more than spot-check answers. This means that many errors are missed. Teachers who assign less homework will be able to check it thoroughly. In addition, it allows a teacher time to focus on more important things. “I had more time for planning when I wasn't grading thousands of problems a night,” says math teacher Joel Wazac at a middle school in Missouri. “And when a student didn't understand something, instead of a parent trying to puzzle it out, I was there to help them.” The result of assigning fewer math problems: grades went up and the school's standardized math scores are the highest they've ever been. A student who is assigned less homework will live a healthy and happy life. The family can look forward to stress-free, carefree nights and, finally, the teachers can too.

Some schools are already taking steps to improve the issue. For example, Mason-Rice Elementary School in Newton, Massachusetts, has limited homework, keeping to the “10 minute rule.” Raymond Park Middle School in Indianapolis has written a policy instructing teachers to “assign homework only when you feel the assignment is valuable.” The policy also states, “A night off is better than homework which serves no worthwhile purpose.” Others, such as Oak Knoll Elementary School in Menlo Park, California, have considered eliminating homework altogether. If these schools can do it, why can't everyone?

So, my fellow Americans, it's time to stop the insanity. It's time to start a homework revolution.

This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. This piece has been published in Teen Ink’s monthly print magazine.




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TheRealTruth This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. said...
Nov. 14, 2009 at 3:39 pm
Ok, I would love to have no hw, but this article is somewhat false. U.S children get it EASY!!!!! Many Asian countries such as China have no summer vacation and have school 6 days of the week!!!!!! Thats why Indians and Chinese people get the best jobs in America. Americans are just lazy!!! I hate to say it, as i am an American, but most Chinese Children work very very hard. With less homework, most Americans are not able to compete with Chinese and Indian people competing for the same job, as t... (more »)
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 16, 2009 at 3:52 pm
Yes, definitely snack time.
 
Urbs2013 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 8:12 am
yup, gotta have the snacks
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 8:23 am
Oh, we're getting off topic!
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 11:20 am
LOL writting another essay on shot school days? Leave THAT to me!!! i HATE school!!
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 11:30 am
My favroit snacks are pudding and chocklet pudding!! Big tubs of chocklet PUDDING!!!!! I LOVE PUDDING!!!!!!!!
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 11:30 am
PUDDING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 2:42 pm
I enjoy various snack foods. But, if school days are lengthened, leave it up to me!
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 6:27 pm
PUDDING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! SCHOOL WOULD BE WAY BETTER IF THEY SERVED PUDDING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 6:44 pm
My school should serve pudding during lunch time. Maybe that's what my next essay should be about....
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 9:56 pm
lol, yeah! 'In fact, reacent polls show that teens who eat pudding durring lunch have improved in their socal skills, Phisical Education grades, and don't skip school as often!' If that would convince someone, schools would be changed forever...
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 17, 2009 at 10:06 pm
B.T.W., that wasn't true. i was making a joke when 'I went like this with the commas (like quotations but not what someone realy said)' I didn't realy look that up. Just so u know...
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 4:38 pm
I knew that much, Letters.
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 6:18 pm
Yokay! jus checkin! Speakin' of checking, id u know that if u flip the i and e in checkin, the word will become CHICKEN?!?!?!?!?
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 6:48 pm
And how did we start talking about this?
 
Kavishg This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 7:04 pm
Lol also longer days would allow students to socialize more, and teachers would not have to cram their lesson into a short 50 minute period.
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 7:09 pm
Which would lead to less homework. It's a continous cycle, my friend.
Longer school day=longer periods=less cram time/more socialization=less homework=extra curricular activities=less studying time= NO STRESS!
 
Kavishg This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 7:34 pm
No STRESS!!!!!!! YA!!!! Also with better education with this cycle, then students can learn better, and become teachers, and since they learned better, they are better teachers, so then the next students learn even better and become better teachers, and etc...... AWESOME!!!
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 18, 2009 at 7:45 pm
EXACTLY!!!
 
Letters345 replied...
Nov. 20, 2009 at 12:55 pm
WHOOP!!!!!! YAY!!
 
SpaceKing800 This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Nov. 20, 2009 at 2:05 pm
What are you happy about?
 
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