Medical Marijuana: Should Be Legalized or Not?

March 9, 2011
By , Sugar Land, TX
Marijuana is one of the most discussed and controversial topics in the U.S today. Many say that it has medicinal benefits and should be made legal. While many say that it has a “high potential for abuse” (Medical) and should remain illegal. Among the arguments, proponents for medical marijuana have presented a stronger argument for legalization through their use of research and evidence.

Opponents of medical marijuana have given many reasons for why it should not be legalized. One of the main reasons they argue is that “Marijuana smoke contains known carcinogens and produces dependency in users” (Medical). In many studies it has shown that it does have some harm such as the harms associated with smoking, but the National Academy of Science affirmed that “marijuana’s short term medical benefits outweigh any smoking-related harms for some patients”(Medical). Though marijuana has been proven to be damaging to the lungs than tobacco, a study in 2006 “found no evidence that marijuana smokers had higher rates of lung cancer” (Medical Marijuana). The FDA has tested the effectiveness of marijuana and has found that the cannabinoids are helpful in “treating pain associated with chemotherapy, postoperative recovery, and spinal cord injury, as well as neuropathic pain, which is often experienced by patients with metastatic cancer, multiple sclerosis,[and] diabetes” (Medical Marijuana).

There is also no evidence shown that patients who use marijuana become addicted. Though the opposing side argues this, they show no evidence in supporting this claim, which therefore, the claim is invalid. There are many pharmaceutical drugs used for treatment and they are addictive, yet it’s legal. Also carcinogens can have a negative effect, but there are many things in society, such as tobacco, that contains harmful toxins, yet it’s still legal. To say that marijuana should remain illegal because it is addictive, is irrelevant because these items are still present in society today and are harmful to the human body, but still they remain legal.

In other arguments, opponents such as the DEA have argued continuously that medical marijuana has no medicinal value. Although NORML has shown that it helps with “pain relief, nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders”. This research has also proven that marijuana helps with HIV/AIDS patients.

HIV is one of the leading causes of deaths, primarily in African Americans. In this disease, patients suffer from loss of appetite and pain as shown in Figure 1. Many patients have complained that pharmaceutical drugs that physicians provide them, does not help them through this disease. Studies have shown that medical marijuana has proven for some patients to have better results than prescription drugs, but opponents have held back millions of patients who are suffering. Some ill patients need medical marijuana, like mal-nourished plants need water to survive. The DEA are taking these rights away from the ill and they continue to live in a horrible state. The DEA are constantly breaking into people’s homes and arresting them for the use of medical marijuana. Innocent people are being charged heavy fines or even jail time just because they wanted to relieve their pain and suffering.

NORML has shown that “73 percent of Americans support making marijuana legally available for doctors to prescribe”. This shows that many of the American people want to give medical marijuana to the seriously ill patients. They understand that legalizing medical marijuana is only accessible for ill patients and not for recreational use. Also “since 1996, voters in 13 states- have adopted initiatives exempting patients who use marijuana under physician’s supervision from state criminal penalties” (NORML). Ill patients in America should be given their rights in every state so that each patient can receive equal care. As citizens of the United States seriously ill patients are born with rights and should not be deprived from them.

Many of the different reasons, that the opposing side has given, are irrelevant and can be easily proven by the evidence given by the proponents. The DEA have let millions of patients suffer miserably for many years because they refuse to give them the proper care. Research has already proven that it has medicinal value and it should not be withheld from these patients any longer.

Works Cited
“Marijuana Should Be Legalized for Medical Use.” Drug Legalization. Noel Merino.

Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011. Current Controversies. Gale Opposing

Viewpoints In Context. Web. 23 Jan. 2011
“Medical Marijuana.” Current Issues: Macmillan Social Science Library. Detroit: Gale,

2010. Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 23 Jan. 2011.
“Medical Marijuana Should Remain Illegal.” Legalizing Drugs. San Diego: Greenhaven

Press, 2006. At Issue. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 23 Jan. 2011
UN Photo/Martine Perret; Flicker Photos, Web; 12 Jan. 2008

Join the Discussion

This article has 18 comments. Post your own now!

Barack Obama said...
Feb. 9, 2016 at 1:23 am
Big fan of your work sabal
Clord said...
Oct. 26, 2012 at 12:20 pm
No, Your inability to cope with civilization due to your upbringing/parenting caused your disorder's.
ToxicAngel This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. said...
Sept. 16, 2012 at 1:54 am
Marijuana should be legalized. I prefer both medically and for recreational purposes, but mainly medically. Marijuana is, without a doubt, one of the safest drugs known to mankind. It's natural, it's much healthier and less smelly than cigarettes are, and it's just a joy. Alcohol does thrice as much damage as marijuana could ever do to you. I don't know about physically, but mentally, I know it does. I quit drinking after some disappointing run-ins with the bottle. The parties I&... (more »)
CMYK2 said...
Jul. 12, 2012 at 1:30 pm
Marijuana gave me schizophrenia and depression.
Mary Jane said...
Apr. 16, 2012 at 8:47 pm
Medical/recreational marijuana should be legal. People can smoke ciggs legally and they're worse, so why cant maryjane be sold?????
david replied...
Oct. 24, 2012 at 8:21 am
i know there is not a single death on marijiuana but there is thousands of death on cigs
DillN said...
May 16, 2011 at 2:49 pm
I dont see why it isnt legal. it would boost our economy and make space in our crowded jails for real criminals
ToxicAngel This work has been published in the Teen Ink monthly print magazine. replied...
Sept. 16, 2012 at 1:57 am
I fully agree. Innocent people are being put in prison for ridiculous crimes. Why not focus on the real criminals?
Scar_Tissue said...
Apr. 5, 2011 at 7:06 pm
I would love that :) It would probably have restraints for ages and stuff like cigarettes do but hey.
FreeThinking13 said...
Mar. 25, 2011 at 11:23 am
honestly I think that if Marijuana was legalized the number of people who get high would lower... many people smoke as a form of rebelion once its no longer considered bad then there is no shock factor which many people are after.
joe45 replied...
Mar. 29, 2011 at 8:01 am
ya your think cuz you use big words your cool but you ant
FreeThinking13 replied...
Mar. 29, 2011 at 1:45 pm
I'm not stupid I just use common sense, are those words small enough for your very very sad 2nd grade education. Or does your one brain cell hurt to much from all the words. I'm just stating my opinion, take it or leave it
FreeThinker35 replied...
Apr. 6, 2011 at 9:46 pm
Are you saying long words make you smart ? Ok...... You do not know how badly I want to disprove you with so many facts  and axioms...But sadly I need to sleep.
treycavenaugh replied...
Nov. 29, 2011 at 7:43 pm
Exactly, it's like any other drug they use it just because they feel bad because it's illegal but when it's legalized it's no longer cool. And joe45 doesn't really make any common sense but whatever
Grace V said...
Mar. 21, 2011 at 10:32 am
I LOVE THIS! LOL. I GET HIGH EREY DAY! :D I be high in church
maryjane replied...
Apr. 16, 2012 at 8:47 pm
you're awesome!! me tooo
Seymour Butts said...
Mar. 21, 2011 at 10:27 am
YEAAAAA i be kushed out all day... we gettin that sticky icky all dayyyyyy... Preach
katie said...
Mar. 16, 2011 at 5:07 pm
Hey :) congrats! mr j is gonna be proud :)
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