Sumtimez I fel as if noone understands me, peeple say I am stooped, butt I tri relly hard to b normol. Most people who read the above sentence would agree that the author is indeed “Stooped” but any trained teacher could see that the sentence shows signs of a learning disability called Dyslexia. Currently 10% of the population has dyslexia, out of that 10%, 95% of 25-30 year olds are unaware of their condition. (”Chavez”) A learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using spoken or written language, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. The term Dyslexia describes a generalized reading disorder. (“Pasternack”) Dysgraphia is a deficiency in the ability to write primarily in terms of handwriting, but also in terms of coherence. If someone has Dysgraphia they often have another overlapping disability, such as a speech impediment, attention deficit disorder, or developmental coordination disorder. People with Dyslexia Dysgraphia have illegible spontaneously written work, along with poor spelling. (“Dysgraphia”) It is known that behavioral and learning disabilities go hand in hand. Some people with either disability may qualify for Special Education services. The qualifying categories are, having a learning disability, speech impairment, other health impairment, intellectual disabilities, multiple disabilities, or visual impairment. Sometimes the category “other health impairment” may cover ADHD, although often times ADHD is not considered in need of Special Education, even though children with ADHD have different ways of learning and retaining information. If a person falls into the category “Speech impairment” it may be caused by dyslexia. If someone does qualify for special education between the ages of 3-21, they can be referred for an evaluation by anyone who is concerned. (“Special”) Currently an evaluation can be provided at no cost through any public school, even if the child does not attend that particular school. If you suspect that someone has Dyslexia or any other Learning Disability, you can request testing directly. The law requires the school to complete an evaluation of the child within a reasonable time after you make the request. (“Request”) While not much can be done through grades k-12 if a child affected by a Learning Disability does not qualify for Special Education, colleges will make some accommodations. Examples of some of these accommodations, but not limited to, are: alternative test formats, extended time, alternative access to oral and written material, and course substitutions. (“National”) Many people feel that people with ADHD or Dyslexia can get along with zero accommodations, but imagine having important needs to communicate, but being unable to express them. Students with learning disabilities have individual strengths weaknesses, and academic needs. While others believe that even though special education is intended for only the most serve handicapped, teachers should keep in mind that transitions from one lesson or class to another are particularly difficult for students with a Learning Disability such as ADHD. Despite some arguments on the contrary we cannot deny the fact that someone with a Learning Disability cannot process the way someone without a learning disability can, therefore our teachers should have further education to prepare them to work with children who have these issues.
November 8, 2012